What are the major things on which, the good quality of wall construction depends?
The purpose of walls in building construction is not to protect the building from further damage but to divide the building into different rooms and offices. We will discuss some of the major functional requirements of walls during construction:
Functional requirements of wall1. Strength Requirements of Walls
Strength requirements of walls in building construction is administered by the material used in building the wall and how all materials are put together. Material strength is stubborn by its compressive strength which can be better known by doing tests. The quality of the material is generally defined by several tests. The tests generally describe the material strength and its response under certain situations.
2. Stability Requirements of Walls
There are several factors like load eccentricity, temperature effects, earthquake and wind load on which the stability of the wall depends. When roof load and floor load stops acting on the centre it creates a chance of overturning tendency of the wall. When lateral and eccentric loads increase it may cause instability of walls. Walls with irregular composition are more stable as compared to regular straight walls.
3. Weather and Ground Moisture Resistance of Walls
Walls should be made of moisture resistance so that they can easily absorb the water on the ground and the rainwater which falls on the wall. We have seen much time during rainfall many walls get cracked, it generally happens because of use of low-quality material or the material used is not assembled in a proper manner which allows water and wind to enter the wall. Using greater thickness for walls, construction brick, stone, or block walls, protecting wall outer face by cladding or plastering, and utilizing a glass sheet as a curtain wall can prevent your walls from getting cracked during rainfall.
4. Durability Requirements of Walls
The durability of walls is stubborn by density and the amount of work required to make the wall meet the minimum functionally and aesthetically acceptable. Capability to resist rain and all thermal properties comes under functional requirements. When materials like glass and plastic are used in building materials it becomes very difficult to define the standard acceptable appearance of walls. The minimum acceptable appearance varies from person to person.
5. Resistance to Heat Passage
While making a building it is very important to contain heat and prevent loss from it. It is always recommended to construct thermally insulated walls to avoid too much loss of heat. Using lightweight and low conductive materials can help to prevent the loss of heat in a building. Generally, high conductive materials are more capable of thermal storage as compare with lightweight materials that are of low conductivity. If a building is constructed in an area where there is a continuous source of heating applying low-density materials for the outside face of the wall will be very useful and high-density material for the inside face can be useful. Using lightweight materials can be advantageous when the building is heated occasionally.